POLS 494: Conflict, Counter-Terrorism and Peace Building (Spring 2018)

Department of Political Science & International Relations, University of San Diego
POLS 494: Conflict, Counter-Terrorism and Peace Building
Professor Robert A. Hooper
Classroom: KIPJ 219
Office: KIPJ 261
Telephone: (619) 260-6870
E-mail: rhooper@sandiego.edu

Class Hours: MW 4:00 – 5:20 p.m., KIPJ 219

Course Description:  This course will examine the historical, political, economic, religious and cultural contexts in which violent conflicts between communities arise, while exploring innovative strategies and models for conflict resolution, counter-terrorism and peace building.  This will require critical thinking and fresh ideas to address the unprecedented challenges posed by violent conflicts in the 21st Century.  One of the goals of this course is to provide students with the knowledge and skills to use mass media as a strategy in reducing violence and channeling conflict from the terrorist cell and battlefield to the political process. In-depth case studies of armed conflicts, terrorism and related violence around the world, theoretical approaches to its nature and origins, peace building paradigms in nations and regions threatened by violence, models of preventive diplomacy to counter violent extremism, and the potential of media to address contemporary as well as traditional cultural and religious approaches to the peace process, will serve as the principle emphases of this course.

Historically, large-scale violence has most often been the result of conflicts between organized states for the traditional purposes of defending or acquiring territory, power, and a host of other interests.  A disturbing trend of the post-Cold War world has been the escalation of violence between ethnic, tribal and religious groups residing within a state or states, and for which traditional models of interstate warfare do not apply.  The continuing conflict between India and Pakistan, for example, encompasses elements of interstate as well as intrastate warfare, including communal violence and acts of terrorism between religious groups within India, Pakistan, and the bitterly disputed region of Kashmir.  While political, economic and social conflicts within and between such communities are common, ethnicity and religion alone cannot explain why people resort to violence.  Indeed, in many parts of the world, people of diverse ethnicities and religions live together in relative peace.  Accordingly an examination of peaceful communities in regions of ethnic and religious diversity, in contrast to those suffering from violence and a breakdown of order, is important in order to lay the groundwork for successful conflict resolution and peace building in the world’s most troubled states.

“Men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious conviction.” 

Blaise Pascal, French Philosopher, Pensees, 1623-1662.

Finally, no course on violent conflict and peace building can neglect the contributions of critical scholars, journalists, and even novelists who have examined the subject from different perspectives and disciplines.  I have included John Hersey’s Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, A Bell for Adano (1944), because it outlines a successful strategy for post-conflict reconstruction and peace building in occupied Sicily during World War II.  The inclusion of the classic motion picture, The Battle of Algiers (Italy 1966), is to illustrate how methods of counterterrorism can succeed tactically but ultimately fail strategically and lead to defeat.

Course Outline: The following topics will be covered as time permits.

1 Introduction: The Role of Media in Violent Conflict and Terrorism
2 The Role of Propaganda in Political and Religious Extremism, Terrorism and War
3 Communication Theories of Terrorism
4 Countering Violent Extremism
5 Media, Terrorism and Counterterrorism – Case Studies: Iraq, Bangladesh
6 Terrorism, Insurgency and Counterinsurgency: Iraq and Afghanistan
7 Conflict and Counterterrorism in Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia
8 Conflict in South Asia: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan
9 Post-Conflict Reconstruction & Capacity Building
10 Final Research Paper Presentations: Final Week Classes and Final Exam Day

Conflict Resolution and Peace Building Research Paper: Each student will complete a final research project that focuses on the foundations of a contemporary conflict between groups divided by ethnicity, race, religion, economic class, political affiliation or any other factor or factors, and involves extensive library, Internet and, if possible, field research.  In past semesters, students have chosen to focus on conflicts and the peace process in Indonesia, Kosovo, Libya, Northern Ireland, Lebanon, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Kashmir, Syria, El Salvador, Mexico, The Philippines and numerous other troubled regions.  Acts of terrorism by individuals and/or extremist groups anywhere in the world is also a topic of potential interest. 

In the course of their research, students will design a conflict resolution and peace building strategy to address the violence and its underlying cause(s).  This might include the use of strategic diplomacy initiatives, mediation between parties in conflict, cultural and religious dialogues, television and radio journalism, newspaper reporting, Internet sites, Social Networking and Blogs, printed materials, videos, puppetry, sports coverage, comedy and satire, performance art, indigenous theater, and other forms of communication to strengthen the peace process and help build the foundations for a sustainable resolution of the conflict.  The course readings, theories, models, and case studies are provided to help you find your own approach to seemingly intractable conflicts.  The final paper should include the following:

1) An overview and relevant history of the sub-region, region, nation, or nations in conflict and the political, historical, sociological, and cultural issues involved. 

2) History and analysis of the conflict(s) under study, citing relevant conflict theories, theoretical models and their application, case studies, assigned course readings and other reliable sources. 

3) An analysis of all parties in conflict, including relevant ethnic, sectarian, political, historical, and cultural issues to be addressed, and how each party frames the conflict in local (and/or international) media to present its own assessment of events, including coverage of specific incidents of political conflict and violence.  Issues of bias, the selective use of language, the portrayal of events or data that later prove to be fabrications, the choice and editing of text and visual images, and the content of interviews are all relevant to your analysis.

4) The development of a media strategy to be used in a real world setting to achieve specific goals and outcomes.  The final paper should outline strategic ideas and policies and apply relevant conflict, communication, counter terrorism and peace building theories, case studies, and assigned class readings to produce a professional document.  A paper that fails to cite or utilize at least some of the theoretical material and case studies contained in assigned readings will not receive a good grade.  Imagine that a U.S. Ambassador or Public Diplomacy Officer, a senior United Nations official, or the head of an NGO has given you this assignment and there is no margin for error or the omission of relevant assigned material. 

5) As the study of media in conflict resolution is in its infancy, and each conflict presents a unique challenge to those who would help bring peace to the opposing parties, this assignment will require an unusual degree of independent and critical thought, based on thorough research of the specific conflict, the application of relevant conflict and communication/media theories from class reading assignments and case studies, and a basic knowledge of journalism and media practices.  I encourage you to follow an interdisciplinary approach. 

6) The final paper should conform to standards expected of USD students, including the use of properly formatted footnotes and a complete bibliography.

During the semester, students will be called upon to make brief presentations of assigned readings from textbook chapters and Internet sources. Class briefings are in-depth oral presentations and may include audio-visual materials, including video, slides, graphs, and power point presentations.  Briefing sessions are real world exercises modeled after presentations delivered by mid-level executives to senior management in the private (corporate) sector, and U.S. State Department Foreign Service Officers to American Ambassadors at U.S. embassies worldwide.  Briefings should be clear, focused, and well organized, reflecting substantial research on the conflict issue or peace process under study and its coverage by the media, including contrasting perspectives from a variety of media sources – foreign and domestic.  At a minimum, a power point presentation should include a clearly stated hypothesis, specific examples to support the hypothesis, an analysis of available data, a discussion of the key issues, and a well-reasoned conclusion.

Student performance will be evaluated on the basis of class participation and assigned presentations 50%, and the final research paper and briefing session 50%. 

Required Texts:

John Horgan & Kurt Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader.  New York: Routledge, 2012.

Philip Sieb and Dana M. Janbek, Global Terrorism and the New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation. New York: Routledge, 2011.  ISBN 978-0-415-77962-3 (pbk)

John Hersey, A Bell for Adano, New York: Vintage, 1988.

Recommended Texts:

Tahmima Anam, The Good Muslim. New York: Harper Collins, 2011.

Gary J. Bass, The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger and a Forgotten Genocide, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013.

Peter Van Buren, We Meant Well: How I Helped Lose the Battle for the Hearts and Minds of the Iraqi People. New York: Metropolitan, 2011.

Sarah Chayes, The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban. New York: Penguin Press, 2006.

Joseph Conrad, The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale.  New York: The Modern Library Paperback Edition (Introduction by Robert D. Kaplan), 2004.

William Easterly, The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good.  New York: Penguin Press, 2006.

Philip Gourevitch, We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will be Killed With Our Families: Stories from Rwanda. New York: Picador USA, 1999. 

Carl Jung, Man and His Symbols.  New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell, 1968.

Michael Mandelbaum, “Mission Failure: America and the World in the Post-Cold War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Ali Soufan, The Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State.  New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2017.

Monica Duffy Toft, The Geography of Ethnic Violence: Identity, Interests and the Indivisibility of Territory.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.  https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7pgd3

Barbara Tuchman, The March of Folly: Troy to Vietnam. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.

Ashutosh Varshney, Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.  https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1nq5hn

Gary Wills, What the Qur’an Meant And Why it Matters, New York: Random House, 2017.

Robert F. Worth, A Rage for Order: The Middle East in Turmoil, from Tahrir Square to Isis, New York: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 2016.



POLS494 “Conflict, Counter-Terrorism and Peace Building”
Robert Hooper, January 2018

Required Texts:

John Horgan & Kurt Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader.  New York: Routledge, 2012.

Philip Sieb and Dana M. Janbek, Global Terrorism and the New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation.  New York: Routledge, 2011.  ISBN 978-0-415-77962-3 (pbk)

John Hersey, A Bell for Adano, New York: Vintage, 1988.

Readings in Bold for Briefings & Discussion in Class  


  1. Bruce Hoffman, “ISIS is Here: Return of the Jihadi,” The National Interest, December 14, 2015.  http://nationalinterest.org/feature/isis-here-return-the-jihadi-14600
  2. Steven R. Corman and Jill S. Schiefelbein, “Communication and Media Strategy in the Jihadi War of Ideas,” Consortium for Strategic Communication, Report #0601, April 2006.  http://csc.asu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/119.pdf
  3. *SCREEN #1: THE BATTLE OF ALGIERS” (Gino Pontocorvo); analysis by Richard A. Clark.
  4. Charles Paul Freund,”The Pentagon’s Film Festival: A Primer for the Battle of Algiers” http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/culturebox/2003/08/the_pentagons_film_festival.html


  1. *SCREEN #2: TRIUMPH OF THE WILL, directed by Leni Riefenstahl, 1934
  2. Eugene Hadamovsky, ”Propaganda and National Power,” German Reich, 1933 http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/hadamovsky1-2.htm#2
  3. Yuki Tanaka, “Japan’s Kamikaze Pilots and Contemporary Suicide Bombers,” APJJF Vol. 3.  http://apjjf.org/-Yuki-Tanaka/1606/article.html
  1. SCREEN #3: EXECUTION OF SADDAM HUSSEINPROPAGANDA AS PROVOCATION: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JmlaPQOtDbQ&spfreload=5&oref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DJmlaPQOtDbQ%26spfreload%3D5&has_verified=1
  2. SCREEN #4: “THE INNOCENCE OF MUSLIMS,” a controversial film on the life of Muhammad: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YJBWCLeOEaM&bpctr=1480436087
  3. Scott Shane, “YouTube Erases an Extremist Cleric,” New York Times, November 13, 2017. Anwar al-Awlaki linked to massacres in Orlando, San Bernardino, the Boston Marathon and Fort Hood.  https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/12/us/politics/youtube-terrorism-anwar-al-awlaki.html
  4. Laurie Goodstein, “Muslim Leaders in the West Wage a Battle of Theology with Isis, Stoking Its Anger,” The New York Times, May 9, 2016 http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/09/us/isis-threatens-muslim-preachers-who-are-waging-theological-battle-online.html


  1. Cristina Archetti, “Terrorism, Communication and New Media: Explaining Radicalization in the Digital Age,” Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 9, No. 1 (2015). http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/401/html
  2. Horgan & Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader, Ch. 24, pp. 392-402 “The changing face of Al Qaeda and the global war on terrorism.” (Bruce Hoffman, Georgetown University)
  3. “A Mathematical Theory of Communication,” Bell Labs, 1948:  https://www.tnt.uni-hannover.de/edu/vorlesungen/InfoTheor/download/shannon1948.pdf
  4. Graeme Wood, “What ISIS Really Wants,” The Atlantic, March 2015.  https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/what-isis-really-wants/384980/ 
  5. Phillip A. Karber, “Urban Terrorism: Baseline Data & a Conceptual Framework,” Social Science Quarterly, 52:3 (1971: Dec.) p.521 (PDF document posted on Course Website)
  6. Major General Michael T. Flynn, USA, “Fixing Intel: A Blueprint for Making Intelligence Relevant to Afghanistan,” January 2010.  http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/AfghanistanMGFlynn_Jan2010.pdf
  7. Philip Seib and Dana M. Janbek, Global Terrorism and the New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation, 2, “High Tech Terror: Al Qaeda and Beyond,” Ch. 3 “Terrorists’ Online Strategies,” pp. 22 – 60.
  8. Steven R. Corman, Angela Tretheway and Bud Goodall, “A 21st Century Model for Communication in the Global War of Ideas: Simplistic Influence to Pragmatic Complexity,” Report No. 0701, 2007. https://csc.asu.edu/wp-content/uploads/pdf/114.pdf, and, “Strategic Ambiguity, Communication, and Public Diplomacy in an Uncertain World: Principles and Practices”https://csc.asu.edu/wp-content/uploads/pdf/116.pdf
  9. Park K. Davis, “Deterrence and Influence in Counterterrorism,” Rand 2002.  https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monograph_reports/2005/MR1619.pdf
  10. Marwan M. Kraidy, Terror, Territoriality, Temporality, Sage Journals, March 23, 2017.  http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1527476417697197
  11. Rukmini Callimachi, “Not ‘Lone Wolves After All,” The New York Times, February 4, 2017.  https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/04/world/asia/isis-messaging-app-terror-plot.html
  12. Ed Husain, “Saudis Must Stop Exporting Extremism,” The New York Times, August 23, 2014. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/23/opinion/isis-atrocities-started-with-saudi-support-for-salafi-hate.html
  13. David Carr, “Medieval Message, Modern Delivery,” The New York Times, September 8, 2014 http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/08/business/media/with-videos-of-killings-isis-hones-social-media-as-a-weapon.html
  14. Agence France-Presse, “American atheist blogger hacked to death in Bangladesh,” The Guardian, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/27/american-atheist-blogger-hacked-to-death-in-bangladesh
  15. Emerson T. Brooking and P.W. Singer, “How War Goes Viral,” The Atlantic Magazine,  www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/11/war-goes-viral/501125/


  1. “His Majesty King Abdullah II’s Interview with Jordan News Agency Petra.”  https://kingabdullah.jo/en/news/his-majesty-king-abdullah-iis-interview-jordan-news-agency-petra
  2. “Guide to the Drivers of Violent Extremism,” http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadt978.pdf (NOTE: This USAID paper cited by Department of State as their strategy (2014)
  3. Country Reports on Terrorism, U.S. Department of State, https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/272488.pdf
  4. National Counterterrorism Center, https://www.dni.gov/index.php/nctc-home
  5. Countering Violent Extremism: A Peacebuilding Perspective, United States Institute of Peace.  http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/SR336-Countering%20Violent%20Extremism-A%20Peacebuilding%20Perspective.pdf
  6. Robert Hooper, “Rebuilding Iraqi Media: Lessons from the Muslim World,” Journal of Media Education, Volume 2, Number 2, April 2011 Journalists Confront Terrorism: Bangladesh and Iraq  http://en.calameo.com/read/0000917892f0725515422
  7. SCREEN #5: Terrorism Documentary Produced by PUK-TV, Erbil, Iraq
  8. Horgan & Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader, Ch. 22, pp. 358-391, “Key considerations in counter-ideological work against terrorist ideology”
  9. Philip Sieb and Dana M. Janbek, Global Terrorism and the New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation, Ch. 4, “Targeting the Young,” pp. 61 – 74.
  10. Horgan & Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader, Ch. 26, pp. 420-438, “Martyrdom mythology in Iraq: How jihadists frame suicide terrorism”
  11. Horgan & Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader, Ch. 18, “Palestinian suicide bombing,” pp. 289-310.
  12. “Flip the Script,” NPR Radio http://www.npr.org/programs/invisibilia/485603559/flip-the-script
  13. Cynthia Schneider, “A New Way Forward: Encouraging Greater Engagement with Muslim Communities, The Brookings Institution (September 2009). http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2009/09_cultural_engagement_schneider/09_cultural_engagement_schneider.pdf
  14. Kamel Daoud, “The Sexual Misery of the Arab World, The New York Times, 12, 2016 http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/14/opinion/sunday/the-sexual-misery-of-the-arab-world.html
  15. “Indonesia: Student’s Inspirational Facebook Blog Blocked by Government Censors” http://www.pmc.aut.ac.nz/pacific-media-watch/indonesia-student-afi-s-blog-items-inspirational-her-fb-frozen-9885 – Citation of Sufi Muslim poet, Jalaluddin Rumi to promote religious tolerance.
  16. Andreas Harsono, “No Model for Muslim Democracy,” The New York Times, May 22, 2012.http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/22/opinion/no-model-for-muslim-democracy.html
  17. Scott Altren, “Challenges in Researching Terrorism from the Field, Science, 17 January 2017. http://www-personal.umich.edu/~axe/Atran%20et%20al%20Challenges%20Science%202017.pdf
  18. Mujib Mashal, “Afghan Life, The Woman Slaps Back,” The New York Times, November 26, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/26/world/asia/afghanistan-woman-filmmaker.html
  19. Humera Khan, “Why Countering Extremism Fails,” Foreign Affairs, February 28, 2015.https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2015-02-18/why-countering-extremism-fails


Major Adam Potter, USMC, Counter-Insurgency (COIN) strategy implemented by Marine Special Operations Company–Alpha while deployed to Farah Province, Afghanistan, July 2009 – February 2010.

  1. Major General Michael T. Flynn, USA, “Fixing Intel: A Blueprint for Making Intelligence Relevant to Afghanistan,” January 2010. http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/AfghanistanMGFlynn_Jan2010.pdf
  2. Jason Dempsey, “Our Generals Failed in Afghanistan,” Foreign Policy, July 6, 2017. http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/07/06/our-generals-failed-in-afghanistan-3/
  3. U. S. Army Counterinsurgency Field Manual (2006). http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/Repository/Materials/COIN-FM3-24.pdf
  4. Mujib Mashal, “Taliban Target: Scholars of Islam,” New York Times, May 29, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/28/world/asia/uptick-in-killing-of-religious-scholars-as-taliban-look-to-curtail-their-influence.html
  5. Horgan & Braddock (eds.) Terrorism Studies: A Reader, Ch. 27, pp. 439-453, “Countering female Terrorism.”
  6. Philip Sieb and Dana M. Janbek, Global Terrorism and the New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation, 5, “Women and Terrorism,” pp. 75 – 87.
  7. Mat Pottinger, Hali Jilani, and Claire Russo, “Half-Hearted: Trying to Win Afghanistan without Afghan Women,” Small World Journal, February 2010. http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/trying-to-win-afghanistan-without-afghan-women
  8. Edit Schlaffer and Ulrich Kropiunigg, “Can Mothers Challenge Extremism?” Women Without Borders, Vienna 2015. http://www.women-without-borders.org/files/downloads/CAN_MOTHERS_CHALLENGE_EXTREMISM_26.08.2015.pdf
  9. Katrin Bennhold, “How ISIS Lured 3 Friends,” The New York Times, August 18, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/18/world/europe/jihad-and-girl-power-how-isis-lured-3-london-teenagers.html
  10. Carlotta Gall, “Making Kosovo Fertile Ground for ISIS,” The New York Times, May 21, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/22/world/europe/how-the-saudis-turned-kosovo-into-fertile-ground-for-isis.html
  11. Stephen M. Walt, “Applying the 8 Questions of the Powell Doctrine to Syria,” Foreign Policy, September 23, 2013. http://foreignpolicy.com/2013/09/03/applying-the-8-questions-of-the-powell-doctrine-to-syria/
  12. Peter Van Buren, “Iraq Asks US for Marshall Plan Reconstruction” https://www.antiwar.com/blog/2017/05/01/nooooooooooooooo-iraq-asks-us-for-marshall-plan-reconstruction-funds/
  13. *SCREEN #6: “TIMBUKU” Directed by Abderrahmane Sissako (2014). Available Online.
  14. Jon Lee Anderson, “State of Terror,” The New Yorker, July 1, 2013. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/07/01/state-of-terror
  15. Jonathan Romney, “Timbuktu review, song of a nation in peril,” The Guardian, May 31, 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/may/31/timbuktu-mali-isis-review-abderrahmane-sissako


  1. Holey Artisan Bakery attack in Dhaka, Bangladesh, July 2016:  http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/03/asia/bangladesh-terror-attack-moments/
  2. Threats posted by ISIS following the Holey Artisan Bakery attack: https://wn.com/isis_released_a_new_video_of_gulshan_attack
  3. Bangladesh Anti-Terrorism Fatwa:
  4. http://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/2016/jun/18/100000-sign-anti-terror-fatwa
  5. “American atheist blogger hacked to death in Bangladesh,” The Guardian, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/27/american-atheist-blogger-hacked-to-death-in-bangladesh
  6. Julfikar Ali Manik, “Bangladesh Orders Statue of Woman Put Back Up,” New York Times, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/28/world/asia/bangladesh-statue-of-a-blindfolded-woman-supreme-court.html
  7. Jeffrey Gettleman, “A Mysterious act of Mercy by the Subway Bombing Suspect,” New York Times, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/18/world/asia/bangladesh-akayed-ullah-subway-bomber.html
  8. Philip Sieb & Dana M. Janbek, Global Terrorism and the New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation, 6, “Terrorism’s Online Future,” Ch. 7, “Responding to Terrorism.”
  9. Robert Hooper, “How Film School Can Address Violent Extremism,” The Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, January 29, 2016. http://journal.georgetown.edu/how-film-school-can-address-violent-extremism/
  10. Doug Ramsey, “Long Distance Course Empowers Film Students,” February 5, 2016 http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/pressrelease/long_distance_course_empowers_film_students_to_tackle_ethnic_religious_and
  11. *SCREEN #7: “THE UNKNOWN,” – Films by Bangladesh Students (2014-15)
  12. *SCREEN #8: “A BAD SIGN”


  1. Plato’s Theaetetus (150) “The many admirable truths they bring to birth have been discovered by themselves from within. But the delivery is heaven’s work and mine.” http://www2.phy.ilstu.edu/pte/209content/theaetetus.html  
  2. Paulo Friere, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Ch. 2. Education as “banking” or “problem-posing?” http://faculty.webster.edu/corbetre/philosophy/education/freire/freire-2.html
  3. William Adams, “Shoot First – Ask Questions Later: Beginning Film Teaching at UCLA.”  https://mediadevelopment.org/about/films/publications/ucla-film-school-pedagogy/
  4. Ernest Hemingway, “Letter to a young writer,” Life magazine, January 10, 1949. “When people talk, listen completely. Don’t be thinking what you’re going to say. Most people never listen.”


  1. Post-Conflict Environmental Peacebuilding: Case Study Listing  http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/books/complete-case-study-listing/
  2. John Hersey, A Bell for Adano. Examine the text as a model and successful strategy for post-conflict reconstruction.  Consider the conundrum of Licata, Sicily in 1944, Vietnam in 1968, Afghanistan (2001-Present), Iraq (2003-Present), Syria and Libya (2011-Present).
  3. Bosley Crowther, “The Screen, in Military Role,” The New York Times, July 6, 1945.  http://www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9B02EEDB133BEE3BBC4E53DFB166838E659EDE
  4. *SCREEN #10: “A BELL FOR ADANO” (1944).
  5. Annabel McGoldrick and Hake Lynch, “Peace Journalism: How to do it.”  https://www.transcend.org/tri/downloads/McGoldrick_Lynch_Peace-Journalism.pdf
  6. *SCREEN #11: BOMBIES (Post-Conflict Reconstruction and UXO in Laos)





  • The Battle of Algiers, Gino Pontocorvo
  • Triumph of the Will, Leni Riefenstahl
  • Execution of Saddam Hussein, YouTube
  • Innocence of Muslims, YouTube
  • Iraqi TV Terrorism Documentary, PUK-TV, Iraq 2008
  • Bangladesh Student Film: The Unknown
  • Bangladesh Student Film: A Bad Sign
  • Bangladesh Student Film: Battle for Bangladesh
  • “TIMBUKU Directed by Abderrahmane Sissako (2014). Available Online.
  • A Bell for Adano (1944), Based on the novel by John Hersey
  • “Bombies” Post-conflict reconstruction and UXO in LAOS
  • Ramadan in Indonesia, (PBS-TV; Thesis Film for Professor Hooper)