POLS 594 02 Problems of Development: Southeast Asia Graduate (Spring 2017)

Syllabus (updated March 16, 2017)

Southeast Asia Map


Required Texts:

  1. Robert Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era, 7th Edition, Westview Press, 2017, Paperback or Kindle: https://www.amazon.com/Southeast-Asia-New-International-Era/dp/0813350115/ref=dp_ob_title_bk
  2. Louise Williams and Roland Rich, Losing Control: Freedom of the Press in Asia, Asia Pacific Press, 2001.  Free Download: https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/losing-control/download

Week 1: Introduction to Course and Overview
Williams & Rich, Losing Control, Freedom of the Press in Asia, Preface (pp. xi-xvi), Censors (pp. 1-15), https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/losing-control
2. Fragile Foundations of the Asian Century
Author(s): John S. Lee
Source: The Journal of East Asian Affairs, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Spring/Summer 2016), pp. 41-66 Published by: Institute for National Security Strategy
http://www.jstor.org/stable/43829409  http://www.jstor.org/stable/43829409
3. Kuok, L. (2016). “America first” cannot mean “America alone”: Engaging Southeast Asia, Brookings Southeast Asia View, https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/america-first-cannot-mean-america-alone-engaging-southeast-asia/
4. Vatikiotis, M. (2015).”Monarchy and modern politics in Southeast Asia,” Brookings Southeast Asia Viewhttps://www.brookings.edu/opinions/monarchy-and-modern-politics-in-southeast-asia/

Week 2:  Malaysia and Singapore 

Discussion Questions:
Why has ethnoreligious pluralism been so fraught a political issue in Malaysia?
Is Malaysia a democracy?
1. TEXT:  Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era, :  Chapter 10: Malaysia pp. 265-290 AND Chapter 11 Singapore pp. 291-308.
2. The New Media and Malaysian Politics in Historical Perspective Author(s): THOMAS B. PEPINSKY Source: Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 35, No. 1 (APRIL 2013), pp. 83-103
3. Southeast Asia: Strong-State Democratization in Malaysia and Singapore  2012 J of Democracy Author: Dan Slater
4. TEXT: Williams & Rich, Malaysia: In the grip of the government (pp 115-137).<https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/losing-control&gt;
5. APCET II Case Study: http://www.etan.org/et2006/july/29/19apcet.htm
6.Freedom House Report: Freedom of Press Malaysia (new article):
7. Anwar Ibraham: Malaysia needs democracy. I’m in prison for that belief – but I won’t change it   Opinion The Guardian Dec. 13, 2016  https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/13/malaysia-needs-democracy-prison-muslim-majority-country
8. Malaysia’s democracy is in worse shape than we thought  Malaysia’s pro-democracy rally shows a country deeply divided along ethnic lines.  Anneliese Mcauliffe Aug 31, 2015 http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2015/08/malaysia-democracy-worse-shape-thought-150831065901768.html
9. Deteriorating Democracy in Malaysia 02/19/2014 06:14 pm ET | Updated Apr 21, 2014  Azeem Ibrahim 
Hooper, R. (1998) An Internet-Driven National Transition, The Los Angeles Times, http://articles.latimes.com/1998/nov/23/local/me-46977
11. Hooper, R. (1999) A Dress Turns Into a Mattress: Malaysia’s Own Monicagate, The Los Angeles Times

Week 3 Indonesia

1. TEXT:Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era, Indonesia pp. 211-245
2. Williams & Rich, Indonesia: Dancing in the Dark (pp. 74-92)
3. Cribb, R. and Ford, M. (2010). “The Killings of 1965-66,”
4. Simpson, B. (2010). “Accomplices in Atrocity,”
5. Roughneen, S. (2016).  The Islamist Challenge to Jokowi, Foreign Affairs.
6. Badriyanto, Indonesia: Websites blocked over circulating #LetWestPapuaVote,

Weeks 4 French Indochina Case Studies – Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam 
Discussion questions:
Has democratization succeeded in Cambodia?
What are the main legacies of the Khmer Rouge era in Cambodia?
What accounts for Laos’s low level of economic development?
What is the role of China?
How communist is Vietnam?

1. TEXT: Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era,  Cambodia pp. 131-159
2. Why Cambodia has cosied up to China  The Economist  Jan 21, 2017
3. Feature Film: The Killing Fields (1984) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ChdFHvCGIgU&t=3379s
4. DEATH OF A FORESTER  BY  Newsweek 8/27/12


4. TEXT:Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era,   Laos pp. 161-178
6. TEXT: Williams and Rich, A Few Rays of Light (pp. 16-36)
7. U.S. Department of State, Background Notes – Laos: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2770.htm
8. Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/la.html#Comm
9. Disappearance of Sombath Somphone
a. www.sombath.org
      b. http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/12/20/laos-investigate-disappearance-prominent-activist
       c. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSZzzk3Ay1M
       d. Lao Government Position:
        e. Amnesty International Aug. 30, 2016
         f. Activist’s mysterious abduction a human rights thorn for Laos as it hosts major summit  South China Morning Post  September 5, 2016
10. CAN OBAMA HELP LAOS EMERGE FROM CHINA’S SHADOW? by RON CORBEN SEP 5, 2016 South China Morning Post http://www.scmp.com/week-asia/article/2013142/can-obama-help-laos-emerge-chinas-shadow
11. IS LAOS SHIFTING ALLEGIANCES FROM CHINA TO VIETNAM AND THE U.S.? REUTERS  8/28/16 Newsweek http://www.newsweek.com/laos-shifting-allegiances-china-vietnam-us-494069
12. Losing Control: Freedom of the Press in Asia (Laos pp. 26-31 Cambodia pp. 32-36) Documentary Film: Laos Deadly Legacy – The Forgotten Secret War UXOs Bombies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XB9oXpN2Owg


13. TEXT:Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era,  Vietnam pp. 101-129
14. TEXT: Williams and Rich, Vietnam: Propaganda is not a dirty word (pp. 239-257)
15. David E. Brown December 14, 2015 Looking beyond 2016: Perhaps the Vietnamese Party’s last good chance to get things right
16. Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5139/

Week 5 Thailand and Myanmar (Burma)  
Discussion Questions:
Why has Thailand experienced so many changes of regime?
Why and how has the Burmese regime edged toward democratization?
1. TEXT: Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era, Myanmar pp. 69-99
2. TEXT:Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era,  Thailand pp. 25-68
3. The changing face of conflict in Myanmar’s Rakhine State
Lynn Kuok  December 28, 2016
4. New York Times: Myanmar Returns to What Sells – Heroin
Thomas Fuller Jan. 3, 2015
5. Myanmar’s Road Ahead Growth, Peace, and U.S. Sanctions
By https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/burma-myanmar/2016-10-20/myanmars-road-ahead  (PDF)
6. Release of Opposition League for Democracy leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.
7. Film: Burma VJ.  Social media coverage of 2007 crackdown on Buddhist monks
8. Mathieson, D. (2017) “The Lady and the Rohingya,” New York Times

Week 6  South Asia Case Study: Bangladesh 


1. Bangladesh: U.S. Department of State Background Notes and Country Study
2. Center for Strategic and International Studies: The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism, The Washington Quarterly, Spring 2006.
3. ISN Security Watch: Bangladesh militants shift strategy, 03 December 2005
4. Robert Hooper, “How Film School Can Address Violent Extremism,” The Georgetown Journal, January 29, 2016.
5. Barry, E. and Manik,J.A.  A Turn To Islam in Bangladesh: Changes to Textbooks Alarm the Secularists, The New York Times, January 23, 2017.
6. Abrahms, R. and Satar M., Turmoil in a Global Apparel Hub, The New York Times, January 23, 2017.
7. Bangladeshi Troops Move to End Hostage Standoff JULY 1, 2016 https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/02/world/asia/attackers-seize-hostages-and-detonate-explosives-in-bangladesh-restaurant.html
8. Bangladesh and Global Terror by Alyssa Ayres  August 4, 2016  http://blogs.cfr.org/asia/2016/08/04/bangladesh-and-global-terror/

Week 7 Final Research Project Briefings 

Additional Readings as Time Permits:

Fiji and Pacific Island Nations
2. Fiji Coupfourpointfive.  Offshore blog website founded after 2006 coup:
3. Robert Hooper, “When the Barking Stopped: Censorship, Self Censorship and Spin in Fiji”pjr191may2013-2-barkingstopped_hooper-pp41-57-copy
4. Hooper, R. (1996), America’s Retreat From the New Pacific, Los Angeles Times,
5. Hooper, R. (2000), Consequences of Corporatized Diplomacy, Los Angeles Times, http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jun/11/opinion/op-39764
6. Hooper, R. (1998) Challenges of Sustainable Broadcast Training in Contemporary Pacific, Asia Pacific Media Educator, Issue 5, pp. 4 – 22.

Philippines and the South China Sea
1. TEXT: Dayley, Southeast Asia in the New International Era, Philippines, pp.179-210
2.Angelica Mangahas & Luke Lischin, “Mindanao: Living in the peace of the dead”
3. Richard Javad Heydarian, “Dutarte’s South China Sea Dilemma,” Brookings
4. Paul Gewirtz, “Limits of Law in the South China Sea,” Brookings East Asia Policy https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Limits-of-Law-in-the-South-China-Sea-2.pdf
5. Jeff Himmelman, October 27, 2013. “A Game of Shark and Minnow,” The New York Times Magazine. http://www.nytimes.com/newsgraphics/2013/10/27/south-china-sea/

Peace Journalism: Reporting in Vulnerable Societies
1. Use and Abuse of Media in Vulnerable Societies
Special Report 110, United State Institute of Peace, October 2003
2. Why the Media Matter: Ensuring the World’s Poorest People Have a Say, Report to the Global Forum for Media Development, Amman, Jordan, October 2005.
3. Peace Journalism: http://www.transcend.org/pj.shtml
Download three Reports:

  1. Peace Journalism – How to Do It?
  2. Reporting the World: The Role of Media Organizations and Journalists in Reporting on War, Conflict and Peace
  3. Using Conflict Analysis in Reporting